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Thinking and Reasoning Skills

Thinking and Reasoning Skills

Extension Tasks



All students at Key Stage 4 follow this programme of study, leading to a Level 2 Award.  The curriculum has designed to facilitate the delivery of key elements of Religious Studies, Citizenship and PSHE, whilst also developing students thinking skills. 

The aim of this qualification is to develop mature, reflective, thinkers. The course:

• Is based around ten skills of thinking and reasoning

• Develops skills that can be transferred to other subjects

• Allows different kinds of students to achieve success.


The 10 key skills are:

        1.     Understanding an argument

        2.     Evaluating an argument

        3.     Presenting and developing an argument

        4.     Evaluating the credibility of sources

        5.     Evaluating evidence

        6.     Seeking and evaluating explanations

        7.     Decision making and ethical reasoning

        8.     Conceptual thinking

        9.     Information processing and problem solving

        10.  Creative thinking


Candidates for this qualification will therefore be enabled to

• develop an explicit and critical awareness of their own thinking skills so that they can evaluateand regulate their own thinking

• develop enquiry skills enabling them to generate their own questions in relation to evidence and information

• develop conceptual thinking skills in order to explore ideas and their connections

• develop problem solving skills enabling them to organise and analyse data so that conclusions can be drawn from it

• develop decision making skills so that problems can be broken down into manageable steps and different views balanced to arrive at reasoned decisions

• develop a critical and creative approach to explanations both in science, social science and the humanities

• develop the ability to question evidence for relevance and significance

• develop a critical and balanced approach to evaluating the credibility of different sources of evidence

• develop reasoning skills so that they can analyse arguments, evaluate reasoning and develop reasoned arguments of their own

• develop the flexibility and confidence to transfer and apply these skills across a range of materials and contexts